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Thì Quá Khứ Đơn – Kiến Thức Mới Nhất, Hệ Thống Bài Tập Có Đáp Án

Cũng như hiện tại đơn, thì quá khứ đơn là một cấu trúc ngữ pháp cơ bản bạn cần nắm được để có thể giao tiếp thông thường. Cấu trúc này cũng rất đơn giản và bạn hoàn toàn có thể hiểu được trong một bài học. Tuy nhiên cũng có không ít các bạn tỏ ra bối rối khi học thêm những kiến thức mới dễ gây nhầm lẫn. Trong bài học này, Gia Sư Plus sẽ giúp các bạn nắm chắc phần kiến thức ngữ pháp này để các bạn có thể tự tin khi tham gia các khoá học giao tiếp.

Thì Quá Khứ Đơn Là Gì?

Thì quá khứ đơn (Past simple) dùng để diễn tả hành động sự vật đã xảy ra trong quá khứ hoặc vừa mới kết thúc.

thì quá khứ đơn

Cách dùng thì quá khứ đơn trong Tiếng Anh

1. Sự việc diễn ra trong một thời gian cụ thể trong quá khứ và đã kết thúc ở hiện tại:

– She came back last Friday. (Cô ấy đã trở lại từ thứ Sáu tuần trước.)

– I saw her in the street. (Tôi đã gặp cô ấy trên đường.)

– They didn’t agree to the deal. (Họ đã không đồng ý giao dịch đó.)

2. Sự việc diễn ra trong một khoảng thời gian trong quá khứ và đã kết thúc ở hiện tại:

– She lived in Tokyo for seven years. (Cô ấy đã sống ở Tokyo trong 7 năm.)

– They were in London from Monday to Thursday of last week. (Tuần vừa rồi họ ở London từ thứ Hai đến thứ Năm.)

– When I was living in New York, I went to all the art exhibitions I could. (Lúc tôi còn sống ở New York, tôi đã đi xem tất cả các cuộc triển lãm nghệ thuật mà tôi có thể.)

Các cụm từ thường dùng với thì quá khứ đơn

Hay còn gọi là những trạng từ chỉ thời gian, dấu hiệu nhận biệt của thì QKD: 

– Yesterday

– (two days, three weeks) ago

– last (year, month, week)

– in (2002, June)

– from (March) to (June)

– in the (2000, 1980s), in the last century, in the past

Cấu trúc thì quá khứ đơn

Câu khẳng địnhCâu phủ địnhCâu nghi vấn
– S + V-ed/P2 (+ O) Ví dụ: – She came back last Friday. – They were in London from Monday to Thursday of last week. S + did not/didn’t + V (+ O) Ví dụ: – She didn’t come back last Friday – They were not in London
from Monday to Thursday of last week.
– (Từ để hỏi) + did not/didn’t + V + (O) – (Từ để hỏi) + did + V + not + (O) Ví dụ: – When did she come back? – Were they in London from Monday to Thursday of last week?

Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn Tiếng Anh

I. Chia động từ ở thì quá khứ đơn

1. Yesterday, I (go)______ to the restaurant with a client. 

2. We (drive) ______ around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space. 

3. When we (arrive) ______ at the restaurant, the place (be) ______ full. 

4. The waitress (ask) ______ us if we (have) reservations. 

5. I (say), “No, my secretary forgets to make them.” 

6. The waitress (tell)______ us to come back in two hours. 

7. My client and I slowly (walk) ______ back to the car. 

8. Then we (see) ______ a small grocery store. 

9. We (stop) in the grocery store and (buy) ______ some sandwiches. 

10. That (be) ______ better than waiting for two hours. 

Đáp án:

1. Yesterday, I went to the restaurant with a client.

2. We drove around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space.

3. When we arrived at the restaurant, the place was full.

4. The waitress asked us if we had reservations.

5. I said, “No, my secretary forgets to make them.”

6. The waitress told us to come back in two hours.

7. My client and I slowly walked back to the car.

8. Then we saw a small grocery store.

9. We stopped in the grocery store and bought some sandwiches.

10. That was better than waiting for two hours.

II. Chia động từ trong ngoặc đúng dạng thì quá khứ đơn

1. I _____ at home all weekend. (stay) 

2. Angela ______ to the cinema last night. (go)

3. My friends ______ a great time in Nha Trang last year. (have)

4. My vacation in Hue ______ wonderful. (be)

5. Last summer I _____ Ngoc Son Temple in Ha Noi. (visit)

6. My parents ____ very tired after the trip. (be)

7. I _______ a lot of gifts for my little sister. (buy)

8. Lan and Mai _______ sharks, dolphins and turtles at Tri Nguyen aquarium. (see)

9. Trung _____ chicken and rice for dinner. (eat)

10. They ____ about their holiday in Hoi An. (talk)

11. Phuong _____ to Hanoi yesterday. (return)

12. We _____ the food was delicious.(think)

13. Yesterday, I (go)______ to the restaurant with a client.

14. We (drive) ______ around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space.

15. When we (arrive) ______ at the restaurant, the place (be) ______ full.

16. The waitress (ask) ______ us if we (have) reservations.

17. I (say), “No, my secretary forgets to make them.”

18. The waitress (tell)______ us to come back in two hours.

19. My client and I slowly (walk) ______ back to the car.

20. Then we (see) ______ a small grocery store.

21. We (stop) in the grocery store and (buy) ______ some sandwiches.

22. That (be) ______ better than waiting for two hours.

23. I (not go) ______ to school last Sunday.

24. She (get) ______ married last year?

25. What you (do) ______ last night? – I (do) ______ my homework.

26. I (love) ______ him but no more.

27. Yesterday, I (get) ______ up at 6 and (have) ______ breakfast at 6. 30.

28. They (buy) ……………. that house last year.

29. She (not go) …………. to school yesterday.

30. That boy (have) …………… some eggs last night.

III. Dùng từ gợi ý viết thành câu hoàn chỉnh ở thì Quá khứ đơn

1. I/ go swimming/ yesterday.

=> ________________________________

2. Mrs. Nhung/ wash/ the dishes.

=> ________________________________

3. my mother/ go shopping/ with/ friends/ in/ park.

=> ________________________________

4. Lan/ cook/ chicken noodles/ dinner.

=> ________________________________

5. Nam/ I/ study/ hard/ last weekend.

=> ________________________________

6. my father/ play/ golf/ yesterday.

=> ________________________________

7. last night/ Phong/listen/ music/ for two hours.

=> ________________________________

8. they/ have/ nice/ weekend.

=> ________________________________

9. she/ go/ supermarket yesterday.

=> ________________________________

10. We/ not go/ school last week.

=> ________________________________

Đáp án:

1 – I went swimming yesterday.

2 – Mrs. Nhung washes the dishes.

3 – My mother went shopping with her friends in the park.

4 – Lan cooked chicken noodles for dinner.

5 – Nam and  studied hard last week.

6 – My father played golf yesterday. 

7 – Last night, Phong listened to music for two hours. 

8 – The had a nice weekend.

9 – She went to the supermarket yesterday. 

10 – We didn’t go to school last week. 

IV. Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì quá khứ đơn.

1. She (spend) ____ all her money last week.

2. Mum (not spend) ___________ any money on herself.

3. I (lend) __________ my penknife to someone, but I can’t remember who it was now.

4. John and his father (build) ___________ the cabin themselves last year.

5. My parents (sell) ____________ the stereo at a garage sale.

6. ___________You (tell) ___________ anyone about this yesterday?

7. The unidentified plant (bear) ___________ gorgeous flowers.

8. She (tear) ___________ the letter to pieces and threw it in the bin.

9. He often (wear) ___________ glasses for reading.

10. Before God He (swear) ___________ he was innocent

11. Yesterday Clouds (creep) ___________ across the horizon, just above the line of trees.

12. We both (sleep) ___________ badly that night.

13. She (weep) ___________ for the loss of her mother.

14. Jane (keep) ___________ the engine running.

15. A huge wave (sweep) ___________ over the deck

16. Mum (pay) ___________ for my driving lessons.

17. He (lay) ___________ his hand on my shoulder.

18. He (break) ___________ the biscuit in half and handed one piece to me.

19. He (choose) ___________ his words carefully as he (speak) ___________.

20. He …………………to the zoo last Sunday (go)

21. She (not/ watch)………………………………TV last night

22. They (meet)…………………………their friends at the movie theater last week

23. What……………you (do)…………………last night

24. ……………………… they (buy)…………………a new car two days ago?

25. We ………….. (have) a lot of homework yesterday.

Đáp án:

1 – spent2 – didn’t spend3 – lended4 – built5 – sold
6 – Did … tell7 – bore8 – torn9 – worn10 – swore
11 – crept12 – slept13 – wept14 – kept15 – swept
16 – paid17 – laid18 – broke19 – choosen 20 – went
21 – didn’t watch22 – met23 – did … do24 –  Did … buy25 – had

V. Use the correct form of the verbs

Yesterday (be)………. Sunday, Nam (get)……………up at six. He (do) ……….. his morning exercises. He (take) ……………a shower, (comb)………….. hair, and then he (have) ………….. breakfast with his parents. Nam (eat)………… a bowl of noodles and (drink) a glass of milk for his breakfast. After breakfast, he (help) ………….. Mom clean the table. After that, he (brush)………. his teeth, (put)………. on clean clothes, and (go)………… to his grandparents’ house. He (have) ………….. lunch with his grandparents. Then he (return) to his house at three o’lock. He (do)………….. his homework. He (eat)………. dinner at 6. 30. After dinner, his parents (take)………. him to the movie theater. It (be)……………a very interesting film. They (come) ………….. back home at 9. 30. Nam (go)………………. to bed at ten o’clock.

1. What day was yesterday? ………………………………………………………………………

2. What time did Nam get up? ……………………………………………………………………

3. What did he do after breakfast? ……………………………………………………………….

4. Who did he have lunch with? …………………………………………………………………

5. What time did he have dinner? ………………………………………………………………..

6. What time did Nam go to bed? ………………………………………………………………

VI. Use the Past form of the verbs:

1- I (be)………………………………… a student 2 years ago.

2- He (be)……………………………. a doctor two years ago.

3- They (be)…………………………… farmers last year.

4- Lan and Ba (be)……………………. nurses last year.

5- It (be not)………………………. cold yesterday.

6- She (be not)…………………… a pupil last week.

7- This hat (be not)……………………. new yesterday.

8- My parents (be not)………………….. teachers two years ago.

9- He (be not)…………………….. a mechanic last Monday.

10- (Be)………………. he an engineer yesterday. No, he (be not)…………………

11- (Be)…………….. It hot last week?

12- The windows (be)……………….. open last Monday.

13- (Be)…………….. you a teacher two years ago? Yes, I (be)……………..

14- Where (be)……………….. Nam from yesterday?

15- Why (be)………………………. he unhappy last Tuesday?

16. I (remember)…………………… your trip to Nha Trang two years ago.

17. Ba (wear)……………………….. the cap all day yesterday.

18. I (eat)…………………….. a lot of fish yesterday.

19. Her aunt (take)…………………………….. her to see Cham Temple last year.

20. Tuan (have)………………………… a new bike yesterday.

Write the questions with “Did…….?”and give the answer with “Yes / No:

They played soccer yesterday afternoon

– Did they play soccer yesterday afternoon?

– Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t. 1. He sent a letter to his pen pal last week.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2. She taught us English last year.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3. They did their homework carefully.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4. The Robinsons bought a lot of souvenirs.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5. Tourist ate seafood at that famous restaurant.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. The teacher gave her students a lot of homeworks.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7. His uncle took him to se Cham temple.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8. Liz bought a lot of souvenirs.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………9. They put the fish in a big bag.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………10. Ba wore the cap with a dolphin on it.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

X. Choose the best answer:

  1. They ………………. students yesterday.

a. am b. is c. was d. Were

2. They …………. doctors two years ago.

A. am b. is c. was d. Were

3. They …………… farmers last month.

A. are b. is c. was d. Were

4. We ……. nurses yesterday.

A.are b. is c. was d. Were

5. The weather …….. cold yesterday.

A.aren’t b. isn’t c. wasn’t d. weren’t

6. I ………a pupil last week.

A.aren’t b. isn’t c. wasn’t d. weren’t

7. These hats …….new yesterday.

A.aren’t b. isn’t c. wasn’t d. weren’t

8. My parents……..teachers two years ago.

A.are b. is c. was d. Were

9. He ………….a mechanic last Monday.

A.aren’t b. is c. wasn’t d. weren’t

10. … he an engineer yesterday. No, he ……

A.is/ isn’t b.are/aren’t c.was/wasn’t d.were/weren’t

11. …….It hot last week?

A. am b. is c. was d. Were

12. The shops …open last Monday.

A. am b. is c. was d. Were

13. …. you a teacher two years ago? Yes, I…….

a.is/ isn’t b.are/aren’t c.were/wasn’t d.was/weren’t

14. Where ……Nam from yesterday?

A. am b. is c. was d. Were

15. Why ………they unhappy last Tuesday?

A. am b. is c. was d. Were

16. I … your trip to Nha Trang two years ago.

A.remember b.remembers c.remembered d.remembered

17. Ba …….. the cap all day yesterday.

A. wear b. wears c. weared d. wore

18. We ……….a lot of fish yesterday.

A. eated b. ate c. eats d. Eat

19. Her aunt ……… her to see Cham Temple last year.

A .taked b. took c. take d. Takes

  • Tuan ……… a new bike yesterday.
  • haved b. has c. had d. Have
  • She…………… a new ruler yesterday.

A.didn’t buy b.doesn’t bought c.did buy d.didn’t bought

20. He …………………… with his parents about his vacation in Da Lat last year.

a. don’t talk b. doesn’t talked c. didn’t talked d. Talked

Supply the correct verb form, positive or negative.

Ex: – I was very tired, so I went to bed early. (go)

– Mrs. Trang didn’t go to work yesterday. She wasn’t feeling well.

1/ It stopped raining, so I _____ off my raincoat. (take)

2/ The novel wasn’t very interesting. I _____ it very much. (enjoy).

3/ We went to Kate’s house but she _____ at home. (be)

4/ She was in a hurry, so she _____ time to phone you. (have)

5/ The story was very funny but nobody _____ . (laugh)

6/ Tom was very hungry. He _____ like a horse. (eat)

7/ The room was so cold, therefore we _____ well. (sleep)

8/ It was hard work carrying the bags. They _____ very heavy. (be)

9/ The window was open and a bird _____ into the room. (fly)

10/ It was very hot, so I _____ on the air-conditioner. (turn)

Write questions of the conversation. Use the cue words in brackets. Nam is asking Ba about his recent holiday. Nam: Where did you go? (Where/go?)

Ba: I went to Nha Trang. Nam: (1) Did you go alone? (go/ alone?)

Ba: No, I didn’t. I went with my parents. Nam: (2) How did you travel? (How/ travel?)

Ba: We traveled by train. Nam: (3) How long did you stay there? (How long/ stay there?)

Ba: We stayed there for a week. Nam: (4) Did you stay at a hotel? (stay/at a hotel?)

Ba: Yes, we did. We stayed at Thang Loi Hotel. Nam: (5) What did you do this morning? (What/do morning?)

Ba: In the early morning, I went to the beach to swim and sunbathe. Nam: (6) Was the weather fine? (the weather/ fine?)

Ba: Yes. The weather was fine in the morning, but sometimes it rained in t he evening. Nam: (7) Was the food good? (food/ good?)

Ba: Yes, the food was delicious, especially sea food. But they were quite expensive. Nam: ( Did you buy some souvenirs in Nha Trang? (buy/ souvenirs/ Nha Trang?)

Write the questions with “Did…….?”and give the answer with “Yes / No”

  1. They played soccer yesterday afternoon

………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. He sent a letter to his penpal last week

…………………………………………………………………………………….

  • She taught us English last year

……………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • They did their homework carefully.

………………………………………………………………………………………..

  • The Robinsons bought a lot of souvenirs

…………………………………………………………………………………

  • Tourist ate seafood at that famous restaurant.

…………………………………………………………………………..

  • The teacher gave her students a lot of homeworks

……………………………………………………………………

  • His uncle took him to see Cham temple

………………………………………………………………………………….…

  • Liz bought a lot of souvenirs

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • They put the fish in a big bag

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Ba wore the cap with a dolphin on it

……………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. He thought the little fish was the most beautiful

…………………………………………………………………….

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